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Workshop on "Muslim Secularities: Explorations into Concepts of Distinction and Practices of Differentiation"

18-20 June 2017

Critical studies on secularism have, for at least a decade wielded a considerable influence on the academic study of Islam. Often inspired by scholarship in the footsteps of Edward Said and other figureheads of post-colonial studies, critiques have been launched against the essentialism and the political complicity of parts of Islamic Studies scholarship with colonial and imperialist projects. Moving methodologically and theoretically beyond the limits of post-colonial critique, the work of anthropologist Talal Asad has more recently inspired a new school of research that challenges previous frameworks for investigating religion. Asad directed attention to the way in which hegemonic knowledge about religion is structured by arrangements of power vested in a secular episteme.

While recognising the merits of this brand of scholarship, we nevertheless think that in the course of this debate important research questions of relevance to the study of secularisation and secularity have been neglected. The notion of the secular took form within a web of new emerging concepts, such as society, nationhood, citizenship, science, or history, gaining traction during the 19th century as a result of an accelerated globalisation of knowledge largely unfolding under the aegis of colonial domination. Inner-Islamic traditions of knowledge interacted with Western concepts in the formation of modern Islamic discourses and thus affected the ways in which these discourses have suggested, endorsed, and/or questioned particular distinctions between religious and secular spheres. Against this background, our goal is to shift attention to historical and sociological questions concerning concepts and practices of distinction and differentiation related to religion and the secular (or comparable concepts) in both modern and pre-modern times. We are also interested in the historical conditions under which such concepts and practices emerged and the processes which they stipulated.

Inspired by the ‘multiple modernities’ framework, the approach to ‘multiple secularities’ promotes research that interrogates conventional assumptions regarding the boundaries of the ‘West’ and ‘modernity’, and aims at a comparative perspective in which similarities and differences as well as continuities and discontinuities can be openly discussed. By probing the existence of a global regime of the secular, this approach places a premium on the relations and tensions between various Western and non-Western settings, and between modern constellations and pre-modern traditions that rest on distinctions between religious and non-religious concepts, practices, and spheres of life.

The workshop gives the opportunity to present selected papers delineating concepts and practices of distinction and differentiation (and/or their undoing) within Islamicate social and historical contexts, the conditions of their emergence, and the socio-economic, doctrinal, and political conflicts that have sustained them. Selected papers will be published in a special issue of the journal Historical Social Research.

KEYNOTE I by Bryan Turner

KEYNOTE II by Neguin Yavari